Android Как добавить значок в каждый элемент списка listvIew и изменить цвет текста, цвет фона

У меня есть ящик для навигации с некоторым элементом списка. Как добавить значок в каждый элемент списка и изменить цвет текста, цвет фона.

Вот мой код


mDrawerListView.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>( getActionBar().getThemedContext(), android.R.layout.simple_list_item_activated_1,, new String[]{ getString(R.string.title_section1), getString(R.string.title_section2), getString(R.string.title_section3), })); 


 <ListView xmlns:android="" xmlns:tools="" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:choiceMode="singleChoice" android:divider="@android:color/transparent" android:dividerHeight="0dp" android:background="#cc0100cc" tools:context="com.rupomkhondaker.sonalibanklimited.NavigationDrawerFragment" android:id="@+id/menuList" /> Пожалуйста, как импортировать ниже ответ здесь

 package com.rupomkhondaker.sonalibanklimited; import; import; import; import; import; import; import; import android.content.SharedPreferences; import android.content.res.Configuration; import android.os.Bundle; import android.preference.PreferenceManager; import android.view.LayoutInflater; import android.view.Menu; import android.view.MenuInflater; import android.view.MenuItem; import android.view.View; import android.view.ViewGroup; import android.widget.AdapterView; import android.widget.ArrayAdapter; import android.widget.ListView; import android.widget.Toast; public class NavigationDrawerFragment extends Fragment { /** * Remember the position of the selected item. */ private static final String STATE_SELECTED_POSITION = "selected_navigation_drawer_position"; /** * Per the design guidelines, you should show the drawer on launch until the user manually * expands it. This shared preference tracks this. */ private static final String PREF_USER_LEARNED_DRAWER = "navigation_drawer_learned"; /** * A pointer to the current callbacks instance (the Activity). */ private NavigationDrawerCallbacks mCallbacks; /** * Helper component that ties the action bar to the navigation drawer. */ private ActionBarDrawerToggle mDrawerToggle; private DrawerLayout mDrawerLayout; private ListView mDrawerListView; private View mFragmentContainerView; private int mCurrentSelectedPosition = 0; private boolean mFromSavedInstanceState; private boolean mUserLearnedDrawer; public NavigationDrawerFragment() { } @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); // Read in the flag indicating whether or not the user has demonstrated awareness of the // drawer. See PREF_USER_LEARNED_DRAWER for details. SharedPreferences sp = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(getActivity()); mUserLearnedDrawer = sp.getBoolean(PREF_USER_LEARNED_DRAWER, false); if (savedInstanceState != null) { mCurrentSelectedPosition = savedInstanceState.getInt(STATE_SELECTED_POSITION); mFromSavedInstanceState = true; } // Select either the default item (0) or the last selected item. selectItem(mCurrentSelectedPosition); } @Override public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState); // Indicate that this fragment would like to influence the set of actions in the action bar. setHasOptionsMenu(true); } @Override public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) { mDrawerListView = (ListView) inflater.inflate( R.layout.fragment_navigation_drawer, container, false); mDrawerListView.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() { @Override public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) { selectItem(position); } }); mDrawerListView.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(getActionBar().getThemedContext(), android.R.layout.simple_list_item_activated_1,, new String[]{ getString(R.string.menu_HOME), getString(R.string.menu_PhoneBook), getString(R.string.menu_About), getString(R.string.menu_Services), getString(R.string.menu_Remittance), getString(R.string.menu_Branch), getString(R.string.menu_Islam), getString(R.string.menu_Misc), getString(R.string.menu_Career), getString(R.string.menu_Devinfo), } )); mDrawerListView.setItemChecked(mCurrentSelectedPosition, true); return mDrawerListView; } public boolean isDrawerOpen() { return mDrawerLayout != null && mDrawerLayout.isDrawerOpen(mFragmentContainerView); } /** * Users of this fragment must call this method to set up the navigation drawer interactions. * * @param fragmentId The android:id of this fragment in its activity's layout. * @param drawerLayout The DrawerLayout containing this fragment's UI. */ public void setUp(int fragmentId, DrawerLayout drawerLayout) { mFragmentContainerView = getActivity().findViewById(fragmentId); mDrawerLayout = drawerLayout; // set a custom shadow that overlays the main content when the drawer opens mDrawerLayout.setDrawerShadow(R.drawable.drawer_shadow, GravityCompat.START); // set up the drawer's list view with items and click listener ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar(); actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true); actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true); // ActionBarDrawerToggle ties together the the proper interactions // between the navigation drawer and the action bar app icon. mDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle( getActivity(), /* host Activity */ mDrawerLayout, /* DrawerLayout object */ R.drawable.ic_drawer, /* nav drawer image to replace 'Up' caret */ R.string.navigation_drawer_open, /* "open drawer" description for accessibility */ R.string.navigation_drawer_close /* "close drawer" description for accessibility */ ) { @Override public void onDrawerClosed(View drawerView) { super.onDrawerClosed(drawerView); if (!isAdded()) { return; } getActivity().supportInvalidateOptionsMenu(); // calls onPrepareOptionsMenu() } @Override public void onDrawerOpened(View drawerView) { super.onDrawerOpened(drawerView); if (!isAdded()) { return; } if (!mUserLearnedDrawer) { // The user manually opened the drawer; store this flag to prevent auto-showing // the navigation drawer automatically in the future. mUserLearnedDrawer = true; SharedPreferences sp = PreferenceManager .getDefaultSharedPreferences(getActivity()); sp.edit().putBoolean(PREF_USER_LEARNED_DRAWER, true).apply(); } getActivity().supportInvalidateOptionsMenu(); // calls onPrepareOptionsMenu() } }; // If the user hasn't 'learned' about the drawer, open it to introduce them to the drawer, // per the navigation drawer design guidelines. if (!mUserLearnedDrawer && !mFromSavedInstanceState) { mDrawerLayout.openDrawer(mFragmentContainerView); } // Defer code dependent on restoration of previous instance state. Runnable() { @Override public void run() { mDrawerToggle.syncState(); } }); mDrawerLayout.setDrawerListener(mDrawerToggle); } private void selectItem(int position) { mCurrentSelectedPosition = position; if (mDrawerListView != null) { mDrawerListView.setItemChecked(position, true); } if (mDrawerLayout != null) { mDrawerLayout.closeDrawer(mFragmentContainerView); } if (mCallbacks != null) { mCallbacks.onNavigationDrawerItemSelected(position); } } @Override public void onAttach(Activity activity) { super.onAttach(activity); try { mCallbacks = (NavigationDrawerCallbacks) activity; } catch (ClassCastException e) { throw new ClassCastException("Activity must implement NavigationDrawerCallbacks."); } } @Override public void onDetach() { super.onDetach(); mCallbacks = null; } @Override public void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) { super.onSaveInstanceState(outState); outState.putInt(STATE_SELECTED_POSITION, mCurrentSelectedPosition); } @Override public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) { super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig); // Forward the new configuration the drawer toggle component. mDrawerToggle.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig); } @Override public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) { // If the drawer is open, show the global app actions in the action bar. See also // showGlobalContextActionBar, which controls the top-left area of the action bar. if (mDrawerLayout != null && isDrawerOpen()) { inflater.inflate(, menu); showGlobalContextActionBar(); } super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu, inflater); } @Override public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) { if (mDrawerToggle.onOptionsItemSelected(item)) { return true; } if (item.getItemId() == { Toast.makeText(getActivity(), "Example action.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); return true; } return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item); } /** * Per the navigation drawer design guidelines, updates the action bar to show the global app * 'context', rather than just what's in the current screen. */ private void showGlobalContextActionBar() { ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar(); actionBar.setDisplayShowTitleEnabled(true); actionBar.setNavigationMode(ActionBar.NAVIGATION_MODE_STANDARD); actionBar.setTitle(R.string.app_name); } private ActionBar getActionBar() { return ((AppCompatActivity) getActivity()).getSupportActionBar(); } /** * Callbacks interface that all activities using this fragment must implement. */ public static interface NavigationDrawerCallbacks { /** * Called when an item in the navigation drawer is selected. */ void onNavigationDrawerItemSelected(int position); } } 

Для этого вам нужно создать пользовательский адаптер. Вы можете найти реализацию пользовательского адаптера по ссылке ниже,

Наверху есть хороший учебник по пользовательскому адаптеру для добавления значков, изменения цвета текста и фона в каждой строке списка ….!

Вот также хорошее руководство по пользовательскому адаптеру,

Вот пример,

Xml должен быть похож на этот activity_main.xml,

 <RelativeLayout xmlns:android="" xmlns:tools="" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" tools:context="com.rupomkhondaker.sonalibanklimited.NavigationDrawerFragment" /> <ListView android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:choiceMode="singleChoice" android:divider="@android:color/transparent" android:dividerHeight="0dp" android:background="#cc0100cc" android:id="@+id/menuList" /> </RelativeLayout> 

Класс активности: открытый класс MainActivity расширяет действие {

 private ListView listView1; @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); String[] textString = {"Item1", "Item2", "Item3", "Item4"}; int[] drawableIds = {R.drawable.img_id_row1, R.drawable.img_id_row2, R.drawable.img_id_row3, R.drawable.img_id_row4}; CustomAdapter adapter = new CustomAdapter(this, textString, drawableIds); listView1 = (ListView)findViewById(; listView1.setAdapter(adapter); } 

Создайте еще один макет для каждой строки, как показано ниже, и назовите его row.xml,

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <LinearLayout xmlns:android="" android:orientation="horizontal" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:padding="10dp"> <ImageView android:id="@+id/imgIcon" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:gravity="center_vertical" android:layout_alignParentTop="true" android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" android:layout_marginRight="15dp" android:layout_marginTop="5dp" android:layout_marginBottom="5dp" /> <TextView android:id="@+id/txtTitle" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:gravity="center_vertical" android:layout_alignParentTop="true" android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" android:textStyle="bold" android:textSize="22dp" android:textColor="#000000" android:layout_marginTop="5dp" android:layout_marginBottom="5dp" /> </LinearLayout> 

Теперь создайте класс JAVA и назовите его

 public class CustomAdapter extends BaseAdapter { private Context mContext; private String[] Title; private int[] imge; public CustomAdapter(Context context, String[] text1,int[] imageIds) { mContext = context; Title = text1; imge = imageIds; } public int getCount() { // TODO Auto-generated method stub return Title.length; } public Object getItem(int arg0) { // TODO Auto-generated method stub return null; } public long getItemId(int position) { // TODO Auto-generated method stub return position; } public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) { LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater(); View row; row = inflater.inflate(R.layout.row, parent, false); TextView title; ImageView i1; i1 = (ImageView) row.findViewById(; title = (TextView) row.findViewById(; title.setText(Title[position]); i1.setImageResource(imge[position]); return (row); } } 
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