Загрузка изображений на сервер

Я хотел знать, какой из них лучше всего загружать на сервер без потери его качества. Я искал в google нашел различные методы размещения данных. Но я не уверен, какой из них лучше всего загрузить. Я наткнулся

  1. Многосторонняя загрузка изображения.
  2. Загрузка изображений с использованием байтового массива
  3. Загрузка изображений с использованием кодированной строки base64.

Я пробовал кодировку Base64, что приводит меня к OOM (вне памяти), если изображение слишком велико в разрешении. Любой учебник, посвященный этой проблеме, будет оценен по достоинству. Заранее спасибо.

Intent photoPickerIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK); photoPickerIntent.setType("image/*"); startActivityForResult(photoPickerIntent, 1); 

ВЫШЕ КОДА ВЫБРАТЬ ИЗОБРАЖЕНИЕ ИЗ ГАЛЕРЕИ

 @Override public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) { super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data); if (requestCode == 1) if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) { Uri selectedImage = data.getData(); String filePath = getPath(selectedImage); String file_extn = filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf(".") + 1); image_name_tv.setText(filePath); try { if (file_extn.equals("img") || file_extn.equals("jpg") || file_extn.equals("jpeg") || file_extn.equals("gif") || file_extn.equals("png")) { //FINE } else { //NOT IN REQUIRED FORMAT } } catch (FileNotFoundException e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } } } public String getPath(Uri uri) { String[] projection = {MediaColumns.DATA}; Cursor cursor = managedQuery(uri, projection, null, null, null); column_index = cursor .getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaColumns.DATA); cursor.moveToFirst(); imagePath = cursor.getString(column_index); return cursor.getString(column_index); } 

СЕЙЧАС ПОСЛЕ ДАННЫХ, ИСПОЛЬЗУЯ ДАННЫЕ МНОГОФУНКЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ФОРМЫ

 HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient(); HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost("LINK TO SERVER"); 

Многостраничные данные FORM

 MultipartEntity mpEntity = new MultipartEntity(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE); if (filePath != null) { File file = new File(filePath); Log.d("EDIT USER PROFILE", "UPLOAD: file length = " + file.length()); Log.d("EDIT USER PROFILE", "UPLOAD: file exist = " + file.exists()); mpEntity.addPart("avatar", new FileBody(file, "application/octet")); } 

НАКОНЧАТЕЛЬНЫЕ ПОЧТОВЫЕ ДАННЫЕ К СЕРВЕРУ

 httppost.setEntity(mpEntity); HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost); 

Основной класс активности для выбора и загрузки

 import android.app.Activity; import android.app.ProgressDialog; import android.content.Intent; import android.content.pm.PackageManager; import android.database.Cursor; import android.graphics.Bitmap; import android.graphics.BitmapFactory; import android.net.Uri; import android.os.AsyncTask; import android.os.Bundle; import android.provider.MediaStore; //import android.util.Base64; import android.util.Log; import android.view.View; import android.widget.Button; import android.widget.ImageView; import android.widget.Toast; import org.apache.http.HttpResponse; import org.apache.http.NameValuePair; import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient; import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity; import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost; import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient; import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair; import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils; import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream; import java.util.ArrayList; public class MainActivity extends Activity { Button btpic, btnup; private Uri fileUri; String picturePath; Uri selectedImage; Bitmap photo; String ba1; public static String URL = "Paste your URL here"; @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); btpic = (Button) findViewById(R.id.cpic); btpic.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { @Override public void onClick(View view) { clickpic(); } }); btnup = (Button) findViewById(R.id.up); btnup.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { @Override public void onClick(View view) { upload(); } }); } private void upload() { // Image location URL Log.e("path", "----------------" + picturePath); // Image Bitmap bm = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(picturePath); ByteArrayOutputStream bao = new ByteArrayOutputStream(); bm.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 90, bao); byte[] ba = bao.toByteArray(); //ba1 = Base64.encodeBytes(ba); Log.e("base64", "-----" + ba1); // Upload image to server new uploadToServer().execute(); } private void clickpic() { // Check Camera if (getApplicationContext().getPackageManager().hasSystemFeature( PackageManager.FEATURE_CAMERA)) { // Open default camera Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, fileUri); // start the image capture Intent startActivityForResult(intent, 100); } else { Toast.makeText(getApplication(), "Camera not supported", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); } } protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) { if (requestCode == 100 && resultCode == RESULT_OK) { selectedImage = data.getData(); photo = (Bitmap) data.getExtras().get("data"); // Cursor to get image uri to display String[] filePathColumn = {MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA}; Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(selectedImage, filePathColumn, null, null, null); cursor.moveToFirst(); int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(filePathColumn[0]); picturePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex); cursor.close(); Bitmap photo = (Bitmap) data.getExtras().get("data"); ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.Imageprev); imageView.setImageBitmap(photo); } } public class uploadToServer extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, String> { private ProgressDialog pd = new ProgressDialog(MainActivity.this); protected void onPreExecute() { super.onPreExecute(); pd.setMessage("Wait image uploading!"); pd.show(); } @Override protected String doInBackground(Void... params) { ArrayList<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(); nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("base64", ba1)); nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("ImageName", System.currentTimeMillis() + ".jpg")); try { HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient(); HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost(URL); httppost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs)); HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost); String st = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()); Log.v("log_tag", "In the try Loop" + st); } catch (Exception e) { Log.v("log_tag", "Error in http connection " + e.toString()); } return "Success"; } protected void onPostExecute(String result) { super.onPostExecute(result); pd.hide(); pd.dismiss(); } } } 

Php для обработки загружаемого изображения, а также создания изображения из кодированных данных base64

 <?php error_reporting(E_ALL); if(isset($_POST['ImageName'])){ $imgname = $_POST['ImageName']; $imsrc = base64_decode($_POST['base64']); $fp = fopen($imgname, 'w'); fwrite($fp, $imsrc); if(fclose($fp)){ echo "Image uploaded"; }else{ echo "Error uploading image"; } } ?> 

Используйте ниже код, который вам поможет ….

  BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options(); options.inSampleSize = 4; options.inPurgeable = true; Bitmap bm = BitmapFactory.decodeFile("your path of image",options); ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream(); bm.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG,40,baos); // bitmap object byteImage_photo = baos.toByteArray(); //generate base64 string of image String encodedImage =Base64.encodeToString(byteImage_photo,Base64.DEFAULT); //send this encoded string to server 

Попробуйте этот метод для загрузки файла изображения с камеры

 package com.example.imageupload; import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream; import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream; import java.io.File; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.FileNotFoundException; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.OutputStream; import org.apache.http.Header; import org.apache.http.HttpEntity; import org.apache.http.message.BasicHeader; public class MultipartEntity implements HttpEntity { private String boundary = null; ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream(); boolean isSetLast = false; boolean isSetFirst = false; public MultipartEntity() { this.boundary = System.currentTimeMillis() + ""; } public void writeFirstBoundaryIfNeeds() { if (!isSetFirst) { try { out.write(("--" + boundary + "\r\n").getBytes()); } catch (final IOException e) { } } isSetFirst = true; } public void writeLastBoundaryIfNeeds() { if (isSetLast) { return; } try { out.write(("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n").getBytes()); } catch (final IOException e) { } isSetLast = true; } public void addPart(final String key, final String value) { writeFirstBoundaryIfNeeds(); try { out.write(("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + key + "\"\r\n") .getBytes()); out.write("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\r\n".getBytes()); out.write("Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\r\n\r\n".getBytes()); out.write(value.getBytes()); out.write(("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n").getBytes()); } catch (final IOException e) { } } public void addPart(final String key, final String fileName, final InputStream fin) { addPart(key, fileName, fin, "application/octet-stream"); } public void addPart(final String key, final String fileName, final InputStream fin, String type) { writeFirstBoundaryIfNeeds(); try { type = "Content-Type: " + type + "\r\n"; out.write(("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + key + "\"; filename=\"" + fileName + "\"\r\n").getBytes()); out.write(type.getBytes()); out.write("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary\r\n\r\n".getBytes()); final byte[] tmp = new byte[4096]; int l = 0; while ((l = fin.read(tmp)) != -1) { out.write(tmp, 0, l); } out.flush(); } catch (final IOException e) { } finally { try { fin.close(); } catch (final IOException e) { } } } public void addPart(final String key, final File value) { try { addPart(key, value.getName(), new FileInputStream(value)); } catch (final FileNotFoundException e) { } } public long getContentLength() { writeLastBoundaryIfNeeds(); return out.toByteArray().length; } public Header getContentType() { return new BasicHeader("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary); } public boolean isChunked() { return false; } public boolean isRepeatable() { return false; } public boolean isStreaming() { return false; } public void writeTo(final OutputStream outstream) throws IOException { outstream.write(out.toByteArray()); } public Header getContentEncoding() { return null; } public void consumeContent() throws IOException, UnsupportedOperationException { if (isStreaming()) { throw new UnsupportedOperationException( "Streaming entity does not implement #consumeContent()"); } } public InputStream getContent() throws IOException, UnsupportedOperationException { return new ByteArrayInputStream(out.toByteArray()); } } 

Использование класса для загрузки

 private void doFileUpload(File file_path) { Log.d("Uri", "Do file path" + file_path); try { HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient(); //use your server path of php file HttpPost post = new HttpPost(ServerUploadPath); Log.d("ServerPath", "Path" + ServerUploadPath); FileBody bin1 = new FileBody(file_path); Log.d("Enter", "Filebody complete " + bin1); MultipartEntity reqEntity = new MultipartEntity(); reqEntity.addPart("uploaded_file", bin1); reqEntity.addPart("email", new StringBody(useremail)); post.setEntity(reqEntity); Log.d("Enter", "Image send complete"); HttpResponse response = client.execute(post); resEntity = response.getEntity(); Log.d("Enter", "Get Response"); try { final String response_str = EntityUtils.toString(resEntity); if (resEntity != null) { Log.i("RESPONSE", response_str); JSONObject jobj = new JSONObject(response_str); result = jobj.getString("ResponseCode"); Log.e("Result", "...." + result); } } catch (Exception ex) { Log.e("Debug", "error: " + ex.getMessage(), ex); } } catch (Exception e) { Log.e("Upload Exception", ""); e.printStackTrace(); } } 

Сервис для загрузки

  <?php $image_name = $_FILES["uploaded_file"]["name"]; $tmp_arr = explode(".",$image_name); $img_extn = end($tmp_arr); $new_image_name = 'image_'. uniqid() .'.'.$img_extn; $flag=0; if (file_exists("Images/".$new_image_name)) { $msg=$new_image_name . " already exists." header('Content-type: application/json'); echo json_encode(array("ResponseCode"=>"2","ResponseMsg"=>$msg)); }else{ move_uploaded_file($_FILES["uploaded_file"]["tmp_name"],"Images/". $new_image_name); $flag = 1; } if($flag == 1){ require 'db.php'; $static_url =$new_image_name; $conn=mysql_connect($db_host,$db_username,$db_password) or die("unable to connect localhost".mysql_error()); $db=mysql_select_db($db_database,$conn) or die("unable to select message_app"); $email = ""; if((isset($_REQUEST['email']))) { $email = $_REQUEST['email']; } $sql ="insert into alert(images) values('$static_url')"; $result=mysql_query($sql); if($result){ echo json_encode(array("ResponseCode"=>"1","ResponseMsg"=> "Insert data successfully.","Result"=>"True","ImageName"=>$static_url,"email"=>$email)); } else { echo json_encode(array("ResponseCode"=>"2","ResponseMsg"=> "Could not insert data.","Result"=>"False","email"=>$email)); } } else{ echo json_encode(array("ResponseCode"=>"2","ResponseMsg"=> "Erroe While Inserting Image.","Result"=>"False")); } ?>