Android + Pair устройства через программный интерфейс Bluetooth

Я хочу открыть bluetooth устройства в диапазоне, перечислить и сопоставить их по клику. Я использовал следующий код, но его закрывающее приложение, когда я нажимаю на имя устройства, которое я хочу спарить.

Я хочу знать ошибку в своем коде или любой другой способ сделать то, что мне нужно.

 package com.marakana; import java.util.Set; import android.app.Activity; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter; import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice; import android.content.BroadcastReceiver; import android.content.Context; import android.content.Intent; import android.content.IntentFilter; import android.os.Bundle; import android.util.Log; import android.view.View; import android.view.Window; import android.view.View.OnClickListener; import android.widget.AdapterView; import android.widget.ArrayAdapter; import android.widget.Button; import android.widget.ListView; import android.widget.TextView; import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener; public class BluetoothDemo extends Activity { // Debugging private static final String TAG = "DeviceListActivity"; private static final boolean D = true; // Return Intent extra public static String EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS = "device_address"; // Member fields private BluetoothAdapter mBtAdapter; private ArrayAdapter<String> mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter; private ArrayAdapter<String> mNewDevicesArrayAdapter; @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); // Setup the window requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_INDETERMINATE_PROGRESS); setContentView(R.layout.device_list); // Set result CANCELED incase the user backs out setResult(Activity.RESULT_CANCELED); // Initialize the button to perform device discovery Button scanButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button_scan); scanButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() { public void onClick(View v) { doDiscovery(); v.setVisibility(View.GONE); } }); // Initialize array adapters. One for already paired devices and // one for newly discovered devices mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.device_name); mNewDevicesArrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.device_name); // Find and set up the ListView for paired devices ListView pairedListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.paired_devices); pairedListView.setAdapter(mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter); pairedListView.setOnItemClickListener(mDeviceClickListener); // Find and set up the ListView for newly discovered devices ListView newDevicesListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.new_devices); newDevicesListView.setAdapter(mNewDevicesArrayAdapter); newDevicesListView.setOnItemClickListener(mDeviceClickListener); // Register for broadcasts when a device is discovered IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND); this.registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter); // Register for broadcasts when discovery has finished filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_DISCOVERY_FINISHED); this.registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter); // Get the local Bluetooth adapter mBtAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(); // Get a set of currently paired devices Set<BluetoothDevice> pairedDevices = mBtAdapter.getBondedDevices(); // If there are paired devices, add each one to the ArrayAdapter if (pairedDevices.size() > 0) { findViewById(R.id.title_paired_devices).setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); for (BluetoothDevice device : pairedDevices) { mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); } } else { String noDevices = getResources().getText(R.string.none_paired).toString(); mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter.add(noDevices); } } @Override protected void onDestroy() { super.onDestroy(); // Make sure we're not doing discovery anymore if (mBtAdapter != null) { mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery(); } // Unregister broadcast listeners this.unregisterReceiver(mReceiver); } /** * Start device discover with the BluetoothAdapter */ private void doDiscovery() { if (D) Log.d(TAG, "doDiscovery()"); // Indicate scanning in the title setProgressBarIndeterminateVisibility(true); setTitle(R.string.scanning); // Turn on sub-title for new devices findViewById(R.id.title_new_devices).setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); // If we're already discovering, stop it if (mBtAdapter.isDiscovering()) { mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery(); } // Request discover from BluetoothAdapter mBtAdapter.startDiscovery(); } // The on-click listener for all devices in the ListViews private OnItemClickListener mDeviceClickListener = new OnItemClickListener() { public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> av, View v, int arg2, long arg3) { // Cancel discovery because it's costly and we're about to connect mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery(); // Get the device MAC address, which is the last 17 chars in the View String info = ((TextView) v).getText().toString(); String address = info.substring(info.length() - 17); // Create the result Intent and include the MAC address Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.putExtra(EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS, address); // Set result and finish this Activity setResult(Activity.RESULT_OK, intent); finish(); } }; // The BroadcastReceiver that listens for discovered devices and // changes the title when discovery is finished private final BroadcastReceiver mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() { @Override public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { String action = intent.getAction(); // When discovery finds a device if (BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND.equals(action)) { // Get the BluetoothDevice object from the Intent BluetoothDevice device = intent.getParcelableExtra(BluetoothDevice.EXTRA_DEVICE); // If it's already paired, skip it, because it's been listed already if (device.getBondState() != BluetoothDevice.BOND_BONDED) { mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); } // When discovery is finished, change the Activity title } else if (BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_DISCOVERY_FINISHED.equals(action)) { setProgressBarIndeterminateVisibility(false); setTitle(R.string.select_device); if (mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.getCount() == 0) { String noDevices = getResources().getText(R.string.none_found).toString(); mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.add(noDevices); } } } }; } 

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Android + Pair устройства через программный интерфейс Bluetooth"

В моем первом ответе логика показана для тех, кто хочет идти только с логикой.

Я думаю, что не смог прояснить @ chalukya3545, поэтому я добавляю весь код, чтобы сообщить ему точный поток кода.

BluetoothDemo.java

 public class BluetoothDemo extends Activity { ListView listViewPaired; ListView listViewDetected; ArrayList<String> arrayListpaired; Button buttonSearch,buttonOn,buttonDesc,buttonOff; ArrayAdapter<String> adapter,detectedAdapter; static HandleSeacrh handleSeacrh; BluetoothDevice bdDevice; BluetoothClass bdClass; ArrayList<BluetoothDevice> arrayListPairedBluetoothDevices; private ButtonClicked clicked; ListItemClickedonPaired listItemClickedonPaired; BluetoothAdapter bluetoothAdapter = null; ArrayList<BluetoothDevice> arrayListBluetoothDevices = null; ListItemClicked listItemClicked; @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.main); listViewDetected = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listViewDetected); listViewPaired = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listViewPaired); buttonSearch = (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonSearch); buttonOn = (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonOn); buttonDesc = (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonDesc); buttonOff = (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonOff); arrayListpaired = new ArrayList<String>(); bluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(); clicked = new ButtonClicked(); handleSeacrh = new HandleSeacrh(); arrayListPairedBluetoothDevices = new ArrayList<BluetoothDevice>(); /* * the above declaration is just for getting the paired bluetooth devices; * this helps in the removing the bond between paired devices. */ listItemClickedonPaired = new ListItemClickedonPaired(); arrayListBluetoothDevices = new ArrayList<BluetoothDevice>(); adapter= new ArrayAdapter<String>(BluetoothDemo.this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, arrayListpaired); detectedAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(BluetoothDemo.this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_single_choice); listViewDetected.setAdapter(detectedAdapter); listItemClicked = new ListItemClicked(); detectedAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); listViewPaired.setAdapter(adapter); } @Override protected void onStart() { // TODO Auto-generated method stub super.onStart(); getPairedDevices(); buttonOn.setOnClickListener(clicked); buttonSearch.setOnClickListener(clicked); buttonDesc.setOnClickListener(clicked); buttonOff.setOnClickListener(clicked); listViewDetected.setOnItemClickListener(listItemClicked); listViewPaired.setOnItemClickListener(listItemClickedonPaired); } private void getPairedDevices() { Set<BluetoothDevice> pairedDevice = bluetoothAdapter.getBondedDevices(); if(pairedDevice.size()>0) { for(BluetoothDevice device : pairedDevice) { arrayListpaired.add(device.getName()+"\n"+device.getAddress()); arrayListPairedBluetoothDevices.add(device); } } adapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } class ListItemClicked implements OnItemClickListener { @Override public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) { // TODO Auto-generated method stub bdDevice = arrayListBluetoothDevices.get(position); //bdClass = arrayListBluetoothDevices.get(position); Log.i("Log", "The dvice : "+bdDevice.toString()); /* * here below we can do pairing without calling the callthread(), we can directly call the * connect(). but for the safer side we must usethe threading object. */ //callThread(); //connect(bdDevice); Boolean isBonded = false; try { isBonded = createBond(bdDevice); if(isBonded) { //arrayListpaired.add(bdDevice.getName()+"\n"+bdDevice.getAddress()); //adapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); getPairedDevices(); adapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); }//connect(bdDevice); Log.i("Log", "The bond is created: "+isBonded); } } class ListItemClickedonPaired implements OnItemClickListener { @Override public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position,long id) { bdDevice = arrayListPairedBluetoothDevices.get(position); try { Boolean removeBonding = removeBond(bdDevice); if(removeBonding) { arrayListpaired.remove(position); adapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } Log.i("Log", "Removed"+removeBonding); } catch (Exception e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } } } /*private void callThread() { new Thread(){ public void run() { Boolean isBonded = false; try { isBonded = createBond(bdDevice); if(isBonded) { arrayListpaired.add(bdDevice.getName()+"\n"+bdDevice.getAddress()); adapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } } catch (Exception e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); }//connect(bdDevice); Log.i("Log", "The bond is created: "+isBonded); } }.start(); }*/ private Boolean connect(BluetoothDevice bdDevice) { Boolean bool = false; try { Log.i("Log", "service method is called "); Class cl = Class.forName("android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice"); Class[] par = {}; Method method = cl.getMethod("createBond", par); Object[] args = {}; bool = (Boolean) method.invoke(bdDevice);//, args);// this invoke creates the detected devices paired. //Log.i("Log", "This is: "+bool.booleanValue()); //Log.i("Log", "devicesss: "+bdDevice.getName()); } catch (Exception e) { Log.i("Log", "Inside catch of serviceFromDevice Method"); e.printStackTrace(); } return bool.booleanValue(); }; public boolean removeBond(BluetoothDevice btDevice) throws Exception { Class btClass = Class.forName("android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice"); Method removeBondMethod = btClass.getMethod("removeBond"); Boolean returnValue = (Boolean) removeBondMethod.invoke(btDevice); return returnValue.booleanValue(); } public boolean createBond(BluetoothDevice btDevice) throws Exception { Class class1 = Class.forName("android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice"); Method createBondMethod = class1.getMethod("createBond"); Boolean returnValue = (Boolean) createBondMethod.invoke(btDevice); return returnValue.booleanValue(); } class ButtonClicked implements OnClickListener { @Override public void onClick(View view) { switch (view.getId()) { case R.id.buttonOn: onBluetooth(); break; case R.id.buttonSearch: arrayListBluetoothDevices.clear(); startSearching(); break; case R.id.buttonDesc: makeDiscoverable(); break; case R.id.buttonOff: offBluetooth(); break; default: break; } } } private BroadcastReceiver myReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() { @Override public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { Message msg = Message.obtain(); String action = intent.getAction(); if(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND.equals(action)){ Toast.makeText(context, "ACTION_FOUND", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); BluetoothDevice device = intent.getParcelableExtra(BluetoothDevice.EXTRA_DEVICE); try { //device.getClass().getMethod("setPairingConfirmation", boolean.class).invoke(device, true); //device.getClass().getMethod("cancelPairingUserInput", boolean.class).invoke(device); } catch (Exception e) { Log.i("Log", "Inside the exception: "); e.printStackTrace(); } if(arrayListBluetoothDevices.size()<1) // this checks if the size of bluetooth device is 0,then add the { // device to the arraylist. detectedAdapter.add(device.getName()+"\n"+device.getAddress()); arrayListBluetoothDevices.add(device); detectedAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } else { boolean flag = true; // flag to indicate that particular device is already in the arlist or not for(int i = 0; i<arrayListBluetoothDevices.size();i++) { if(device.getAddress().equals(arrayListBluetoothDevices.get(i).getAddress())) { flag = false; } } if(flag == true) { detectedAdapter.add(device.getName()+"\n"+device.getAddress()); arrayListBluetoothDevices.add(device); detectedAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); } } } } }; private void startSearching() { Log.i("Log", "in the start searching method"); IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND); BluetoothDemo.this.registerReceiver(myReceiver, intentFilter); bluetoothAdapter.startDiscovery(); } private void onBluetooth() { if(!bluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) { bluetoothAdapter.enable(); Log.i("Log", "Bluetooth is Enabled"); } } private void offBluetooth() { if(bluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) { bluetoothAdapter.disable(); } } private void makeDiscoverable() { Intent discoverableIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_DISCOVERABLE); discoverableIntent.putExtra(BluetoothAdapter.EXTRA_DISCOVERABLE_DURATION, 300); startActivity(discoverableIntent); Log.i("Log", "Discoverable "); } class HandleSeacrh extends Handler { @Override public void handleMessage(Message msg) { switch (msg.what) { case 111: break; default: break; } } } } 

Вот основной.xml

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:orientation="vertical" > <Button android:id="@+id/buttonOn" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="On"/> <Button android:id="@+id/buttonDesc" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="Make Discoverable"/> <Button android:id="@+id/buttonSearch" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="Search"/> <Button android:id="@+id/buttonOff" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="Bluetooth Off"/> <ListView android:id="@+id/listViewPaired" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="120dp"> </ListView> <ListView android:id="@+id/listViewDetected" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent"> </ListView> </LinearLayout> 

Добавьте эти разрешения в файл AndroidManifest.xml :

  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN" /> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH" /> 

Результат для этого кода будет выглядеть следующим образом. Демо-версия Bluutooth

Лучший способ – не использовать код сопряжения . Вместо onClick перейдите к другой функции или другому классу, где вы создаете сокет, используя UUID.
Android автоматически появляется для спаривания, если уже не спарен.

Или посмотрите эту ссылку для лучшего понимания

Ниже приведен код для него:

 private OnItemClickListener mDeviceClickListener = new OnItemClickListener() { public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> av, View v, int arg2, long arg3) { // Cancel discovery because it's costly and we're about to connect mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery(); // Get the device MAC address, which is the last 17 chars in the View String info = ((TextView) v).getText().toString(); String address = info.substring(info.length() - 17); // Create the result Intent and include the MAC address Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.putExtra(EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS, address); // Set result and finish this Activity setResult(Activity.RESULT_OK, intent); // **add this 2 line code** Intent myIntent = new Intent(view.getContext(), Connect.class); startActivityForResult(myIntent, 0); finish(); } }; 

Файл Connect.java:

 public class Connect extends Activity { private static final String TAG = "zeoconnect"; private ByteBuffer localByteBuffer; private InputStream in; byte[] arrayOfByte = new byte[4096]; int bytes; public BluetoothDevice mDevice; @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.connect); try { setup(); } catch (ZeoMessageException e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } catch (ZeoMessageParseException e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } } private void setup() throws ZeoMessageException, ZeoMessageParseException { // TODO Auto-generated method stub getApplicationContext().registerReceiver(receiver, new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_ACL_CONNECTED)); getApplicationContext().registerReceiver(receiver, new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_ACL_DISCONNECTED)); BluetoothDevice zee = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(). getRemoteDevice("**:**:**:**:**:**");// add device mac adress try { sock = zee.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord( UUID.fromString("*******************")); // use unique UUID } catch (IOException e1) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e1.printStackTrace(); } Log.d(TAG, "++++ Connecting"); try { sock.connect(); } catch (IOException e1) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e1.printStackTrace(); } Log.d(TAG, "++++ Connected"); try { in = sock.getInputStream(); } catch (IOException e1) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e1.printStackTrace(); } Log.d(TAG, "++++ Listening..."); while (true) { try { bytes = in.read(arrayOfByte); Log.d(TAG, "++++ Read "+ bytes +" bytes"); } catch (IOException e1) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e1.printStackTrace(); } Log.d(TAG, "++++ Done: test()"); }} private static final LogBroadcastReceiver receiver = new LogBroadcastReceiver(); public static class LogBroadcastReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver { @Override public void onReceive(Context paramAnonymousContext, Intent paramAnonymousIntent) { Log.d("ZeoReceiver", paramAnonymousIntent.toString()); Bundle extras = paramAnonymousIntent.getExtras(); for (String k : extras.keySet()) { Log.d("ZeoReceiver", " Extra: "+ extras.get(k).toString()); } } }; private BluetoothSocket sock; @Override public void onDestroy() { getApplicationContext().unregisterReceiver(receiver); if (sock != null) { try { sock.close(); } catch (IOException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } super.onDestroy(); } } 

Edit: Я только что объяснил логику, чтобы пара здесь. Если кто-то хочет пойти с полным кодом, тогда см. Мой другой ответ. Я ответил только на логику, но я не смог объяснить правильно, поэтому я добавил еще один ответ в том же потоке.

Попробуйте сделать это:

Если вы сможете искать устройства, это будет вашим следующим шагом

 ArrayList<BluetoothDevice> arrayListBluetoothDevices = NEW ArrayList<BluetoothDevice>; 

Я предполагаю, что у вас есть список устройств Bluetooth, добавленных в arrayListBluetoothDevices :

 BluetoothDevice bdDevice; bdDevice = arrayListBluetoothDevices.get(PASS_THE_POSITION_TO_GET_THE_BLUETOOTH_DEVICE); Boolean isBonded = false; try { isBonded = createBond(bdDevice); if(isBonded) { Log.i("Log","Paired"); } } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } 

Метод createBond() :

 public boolean createBond(BluetoothDevice btDevice) throws Exception { Class class1 = Class.forName("android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice"); Method createBondMethod = class1.getMethod("createBond"); Boolean returnValue = (Boolean) createBondMethod.invoke(btDevice); return returnValue.booleanValue(); } 

Добавьте эту строку в свой приемник в ACTION_FOUND

 if (device.getBondState() != BluetoothDevice.BOND_BONDED) { mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress()); arrayListBluetoothDevices.add(device); } 

Почему нам нужно Reflection? Для этого есть API:

https://developer.android.com/reference/android/bluetooth/BluetoothDevice.html#createBond ()